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What type of CBD (cannabidiol) to choose? Complete Guide

What type of CBD (cannabidiol) to choose? Complete Guide

Foreword

In a rapidly expanding market, it can be difficult to know which CBD to choose from the multitude of products available.

I have often been told: “I tried CBD , it didn’t do anything for me!”

To which I always respond: "What type of CBD did you test? In what dosage ? From which manufacturer? What was the extraction process?"

So many questions that the average consumer unfortunately cannot answer due to the opacity of information on the issue.

This also contributes to the bad reputation of CBD , which many of you think is a drug by assimilating it to the famous psychotropic cannabis sativa even though it is simply one of the molecules of hemp .

Whether you are a novice or an experienced consumer, this article will guide you through the key factors to consider to make an informed decision.

We'll look at the different types of CBD , extraction methods, cannabinoid profiles, recommended dosages ...and we'll provide you with credible references to help you make the best choice.

Composition of the hemp plant ( cannabis sativa L)

Cannabis sativa L. is the variety of cannabis used for CBD extraction because only cannabis varieties containing less than 0.3% THC are permitted for sale.


Cannabis is made up of different elements, including:

  • Cannabinoids : It contains a variety of cannabinoids , the best known of which are tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ) and cannabidiol ( CBD ). These chemical compounds interact with receptors of the endocannabinoid system in the human body .
  • Terpenes : Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in many plants , including cannabis . They give each cannabis strain its distinct aroma and can also have therapeutic effects .
  • Flavonoids : Flavonoids are plant pigments that give plants their vibrant colors. They are also present in cannabis and may contribute to its therapeutic properties .
  • Fatty acids and lipids : Cannabis also contains essential fatty acids such as omega-3 and omega-6, as well as other lipids .
  • Other compounds : Cannabis may contain other compounds such as vitamins , minerals, and proteins .

These elements contribute to the richness of the hemp plant and its beneficial properties for health. However, when it comes to CBD products, the main focus is on cannabinoids and terpenes , as it is these compounds that have pharmacological and therapeutic effects.

    CBD Extraction Methods

    Extracting CBD from the hemp plant is a crucial process to obtain a high-quality product. There are several commonly used extraction methods, the main ones being:

    • Solvent extraction : This method involves using chemical solvents such as ethanol, butane or propane to extract compounds from hemp . The CBD is then separated from the solvent. This is an effective method, but it is important to note that using chemical solvents can leave residue in the final product, which may be a concern for some consumers.
    • Supercritical CO2 Extraction : This method uses carbon dioxide (CO2) in a supercritical state to extract compounds from hemp. Supercritical CO2 acts as a solvent , but it is non- toxic and does not result in chemical residues . It is one of the most commonly used extraction methods to produce high quality CBD .
    • Oil extraction : This method involves using a carrier oil, such as olive oil or hemp seed oil, to extract compounds from hemp . The hemp plant is heated to a low temperature in the carrier oil, allowing the compounds to mix with the oil. This method is relatively simple, but it may be less effective than other extraction methods.

    These different extraction methods have their advantages and disadvantages, and the choice of method often depends on available resources, scale of production, and manufacturer preferences.

    It is important to note that the quality of CBD depends not only on the extraction method used, but also on the quality of the hemp plant itself.

    It is essential to choose CBD products from trusted and reputable sources that conduct laboratory testing to ensure the purity and concentration of the CBD .

      The origin of CBD oil and the risks of adding CBD crystals

      Understanding the origin of CBD oil helps alert you to the practices of certain manufacturers to guarantee the quality and safety of the products you consume.

      CBD oil is usually extracted from the cannabis plant or hemp seed .

      Hempseed itself naturally contains CBD , although its concentration is relatively low compared to other parts of the plant, such as the flowers.

      Unfortunately, there are unscrupulous manufacturers who use low-CBD hempseed oil and then add synthetic or isolated CBD crystals to increase the CBD content of their product.

      This practice is concerning because the addition of CBD crystals can be chemical and potentially harmful to health.

      Synthetic CBD crystals are made in a laboratory and may contain unwanted impurities or residues from the manufacturing process.

      Additionally, using isolated CBD deprives CBD oil of other beneficial compounds found in the cannabis plant , such as other cannabinoids , terpenes , and flavonoids , which work synergistically to produce what is known as entourage effect .

      It is therefore essential to choose reputable manufacturers and check the information provided by the manufacturer on the provenance of their CBD oil.

      Look for companies that use safe and effective extraction methods, such as supercritical CO2 extraction , that help preserve the integrity of the plant's natural compounds.

      Additionally, check if the manufacturer conducts third-party testing to ensure the purity, concentration, and safety of their product.

      Third-party testing by independent laboratories can provide objective information on the chemical composition of CBD oil, including the presence of contaminants and actual CBD content .

      Avoid products that claim to have high CBD content solely due to the addition of CBD crystals, as this can compromise the quality and effectiveness of the CBD oil, as well as your overall health.

      What is the real color of CBD oil?

      The color of the CBD oil is another indicator of what you are actually consuming.

      It can vary depending on several factors, including the extraction process used, other components present in the oil, and the CBD concentration.

      It is important to note that the color of CBD oil does not determine its quality or effectiveness but still...

      CBD oil can range in color from pale yellow to dark green , or even brown .

      Full-spectrum CBD oils, which contain a wide range of cannabinoids , terpenes , and other compounds from the cannabis plant , often have a dark (brown) color. These are the best oils because they are complete and as natural as possible.

      This is due to the presence of other plant pigments.

      Isolated CBD oils, which contain only CBD , generally have a lighter, almost transparent color .

      This is due to the removal of other compounds from the plant during the isolation process.

      Unfortunately, 3/4 of the CBD oils sold have this almost transparent light green color .

      In this case, there is a good chance of not benefiting from a natural product or from the entourage effect which we will talk about later.

      The different types of CBD

      When choosing a CBD product, you will mainly encounter three types:

      • full spectrum CBD . It contains a full range of cannabinoids , including a small amount of THC , but below the legal threshold of 0.3% in France.
      • Broad spectrum CBD is similar to full spectrum CBD , but without THC .
      • Isolated CBD is purified which contains only CBD .

      Isolated CBD

      Isolated CBD is usually obtained through purification processes that involve chemical methods.

      These methods may include the use of chemical solvents such as ethanol or chromatography processes to separate and isolate CBD from other compounds in the cannabis plant .

      This can result in the presence of traces of chemical compounds which, in our opinion, is at odds with our search for natural compounds.

      We will explain to you below the risks linked to the practices of certain manufacturers who do not hesitate to add synthetic or isolated CBD crystals in order to increase the rate of their bottles.

      Broad spectrum CBD

      Broad-spectrum CBD is a type of CBD extract that contains a variety of cannabinoids , terpenes , and other compounds naturally found in the cannabis plant , with the exception of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) .

      The entourage effect is therefore less important here.

      Unlike isolated CBD , which contains only pure CBD , broad-spectrum CBD offers a synergistic combination of several beneficial compounds from the cannabis plant .

      To remove THC from CBD extracts and obtain broad-spectrum CBD with THC levels below the legal limit (0.3% in many countries ), different methods can be used. Some of these methods involve chemical processes, while others are based on extraction and purification techniques.

      It's important to note that some purification methods may use chemicals, such as solvents, to remove THC .

      In the CBD jungle, many manufacturers use the least expensive and therefore chemical methods in order to increase profitability.

      Since information regarding the distillation method is not available to the consumer, we do not recommend the use of broad-spectrum CBD and prefer full-spectrum CBD .

      Full spectrum CBD

      Full-spectrum CBD and broad-spectrum CBD are two different formulations that contain various compounds found in the cannabis plant , including cannabinoids , terpenes , and other active compounds .

      The main difference between the two is the presence or absence of THC , the psychoactive compound in cannabis but at levels below 0.3% (in many countries ). It is therefore perfectly legal to sell it.

      Full-spectrum CBD therefore contains the entire range of cannabinoids .

      This formulation allows you to benefit from the most optimal entourage effect , which is the synergy between all the active compounds of the plant.

      Another advantage and not the least, there is no chemical manipulation of the plant.

      It is distilled as is! This is why, as part of our commitment to quality, we wanted to work with full spectrum CBD oil in order to guarantee you the most natural product possible .

      The entourage effect

      The advantages of full-spectrum CBD over broad-spectrum CBD and isolated CBD are primarily related to the entourage effect .

      Studies (references at the end of the article) demonstrate that the presence of multiple cannabinoids and terpenes improves the absorption , bioavailability and overall effectiveness of CBD .

      This means that full-spectrum CBD offers more powerful and comprehensive results, including relief from pain , inflammation , anxiety , sleep , and other therapeutic applications.

      Cannabinoid profile

      A cannabinoid is a chemical compound naturally occurring in cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.) and other plants of the Cannabis genus.

      Cannabinoids interact with receptors in the human body 's endocannabinoid system , which plays a critical role in regulating many physiological functions .

      We explain all this in our dedicated article .

      Cannabinoids can be classified into two main categories:

      1. Cannabinoids Phytocannabinoids : These are the cannabinoids produced by the cannabis plant . The two best-known cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) . THC is psychoactive and responsible for the euphoric effects associated with cannabis consumption, while CBD is non-psychoactive and is known for its potential therapeutic properties .
      2. Endogenous cannabinoids : These are cannabinoids produced naturally by the human body . Endocannabinoids , such as anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), bind to cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system to regulate various physiological processes such as pain , mood , appetite , and inflammation .

        There are also other cannabinoids found in cannabis , such as cannabichromene (CBC) , cannabigerol (CBG) , cannabinol (CBN) , and many more. Each cannabinoid can have different effects on the body and can potentially offer varying therapeutic benefits.

        For example, CBG is associated with antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory effects, while CBN is often used to promote sleep .

        When choosing a CBD product, it is essential to check the cannabinoid profile to understand the compounds present and their concentrations.

        Recommended dosage

        The average dosage of CBD can vary depending on several factors, such as body weight , individual tolerance , the medical condition being treated, and the form of administration of the CBD .

        There is no single dosage that is right for everyone, as everyone reacts differently to CBD .

        It is recommended to start with a low dose of CBD and gradually increase if necessary.

        A common approach is to start with around 5 to 10 milligrams (mg) of CBD per day, then adjust based on individual results and needs.

        Some people may find relief at lower doses , while others may require higher doses .

        It is important to consult a qualified healthcare professional for advice on appropriate CBD dosing , especially if you are taking other medications or have specific health conditions.

        They will be able to take your medical situation into account and provide you with personalized recommendations.

        It is also worth noting that CBD products on the market can have different concentrations, ranging from low doses to high doses .

        We believe that a CBD concentration of 10 to 15% is insufficient to experience real benefits.

        We therefore chose to create our synergies on a basis of CBD oil dosed at 30% in order to obtain the best results .

        Ultimately

        Choosing the right CBD requires a thorough understanding of the different types of CBD , extraction methods, cannabinoid profiles, and recommended dosages .

        It is essential to consider your personal needs, preferences and consult reliable sources during your decision-making process.

        By using the academic references, research studies, and reference books mentioned in this article, you will be able to make an informed decision to choose the CBD that is best for you.

        Remember that using CBD for medical purposes may require the advice and monitoring of a healthcare professional.

        Academic references and research studies in English

        1. Russo, Ethan B. “Cannabis Pharmacology: The Usual Suspects and a Few Promising Leads.” Advances in Pharmacology 80 (2017): 67-134.

        2. Pamplona, ​​Fabricio A., Lorenzo Rolim da Silva, and Ana Carolina Coan. “Potential Clinical Benefits of CBD-Rich Cannabis Extracts Over Purified CBD in Treatment-Resistant Epilepsy: Observational Data Meta-analysis.” Frontiers in Neurology 9 (2018): 759.

        3. Devinsky, Orrin, et al. “Cannabidiol in patients with treatment-resistant epilepsy: an open-label interventional trial.” The Lancet Neurology 15.3 (2016): 270-278.

        4. Zuardi, Antonio Waldo, et al. “Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Psychosis in Parkinson’s Disease.” Journal of Psychopharmacology 28.11 (2014): 1088-1098.

        Reference books in the field in English

        1. McPartland, John M., and Ethan B. Russo. “Cannabis and Cannabis Extracts: Greater Than the Sum of Their Parts?” Journal of Cannabis Therapeutics 1.3-4 (2001): 103-132.

        2. Huestis, Marilyn A. “Human Cannabinoid Pharmacokinetics.” Chemistry & Biodiversity 4.8 (2007): 1770-1804.

        3. Grotenhermen, Franjo, and Ethan Russo, eds. “Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential.” Haworth Press, 2002.

        Studies in English that examined the entourage effect of full-spectrum CBD and compared its benefits to other types of CBD:

        1. Study: "Overcoming the Bell-Shaped Dose-Response of Cannabidiol by Using Cannabis Extract Enriched in Cannabidiol" (2015) - This study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, compared the effects of isolated CBD to those of a cannabis extract enriched with CBD. The results showed that the cannabis extract showed a more linear dose-response effect, while the isolated CBD had a warlike effect (an optimal effect at a certain dose, then a decrease in effectiveness at higher doses). . This suggests that all of the compounds present in the cannabis extract, including other cannabinoids and terpenes, contribute to a beneficial entourage effect.

        2. Study: "Cannabis Pharmacology: The Usual Suspects and a Few Promising Leads" (2018) - This scientific review, published in the journal Advances in Pharmacology, examines in detail the interactions between different cannabis compounds, including cannabinoids and terpenes . It highlights the importance of the entourage effect in the pharmacological activity of cannabis, emphasizing that the complex interactions between different compounds can modulate the effectiveness and therapeutic effects.

        Studies on the entourage effect in French:

        1. Study: “Effect of the cannabinoid-terpene combination on inflammatory pain” (2018) - This study, conducted by French researchers and published in the journal Phytotherapy, examines the combined effect of cannabinoids and terpenes on inflammatory pain. The results indicate that the combination of cannabis compounds, such as CBD and terpenes, may have synergistic effects that contribute to greater pain reduction than when the compounds are used individually.

        2. Study: "Effects of cannabidiol on the inflammatory mechanisms of arthritis" (2019) - This French study, published in the European Journal of Pain, explores the effects of cannabidiol (CBD) on the inflammatory mechanisms associated with arthritis. The results highlight the anti-inflammatory effect of full-spectrum CBD, suggesting that other compounds present in full-spectrum CBD may potentiate its effectiveness.

        3. Study: “Effects of cannabidiol and cannabinoids on neuropathic pain” (2020) - This study, conducted by French researchers and published in the journal Pain and Analgesia, examines the effects of cannabidiol and cannabinoids on neuropathic pain. The results indicate that full-spectrum CBD, containing other cannabinoids in addition to CBD, may have superior analgesic effects compared to isolated CBD.

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